Electronic Folk International. Jazz Latin New Age. Aggressive Bittersweet Druggy. Energetic Happy Hypnotic. Romantic Sad Sentimental. Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. Release Date November 13, Label Sony Classical Essential Classics. Release Info Compilation. Track Listing - Disc 1. Igor Stravinsky.
Scene 1. Kashchei's enchanted garden. The Firebird appears, pursued by Ivan Tsarevich. Dance of the Firebird. Ivan Tsarevich captures the Firebird. The Firebird's entreaty. The appearance of the thirteen enchanted princesses. The princesses' game with apples of gold. The sudden appearance of Ivan Tsarevich.
The Princesses' Round. Dawn Ivan Tsarevich enters Kashchei's palace. The sound of enchanted bells; monsters appear, Kashchei's guards, and take Ivan Tsarevitch. The arrival of Kaschchei the Immortal. Kashchei's dialogue with Ivan Tsarevich. The princesses intercede. The appearance of the Firebird. Kashchei's followers dance under the Firebird's spell.
Infernal dance of Kaschei's subjects. Lullaby The Firebird. Kashchei awakens. Death of Kaschei - profound darkness. Scene 2. Kashchei's spells are broken; his palace disappears, the stone knight returns to life, joy. Scherzo fantastique, for orchestra, Op. Fireworks Feu D'artifice , fantasy for orchestra, Op. Track Listing - Disc 2. The Shrove-tide Fair. The Crowds. The Charlatan's Booth. Russian Dance.
Petrushka's Room. Scene 3. The Moor's Room. Dance of the Ballerina. Waltz Ballerina and Moor. Scene 4. The Shrove-tide Fair near evening. Dance of the Wet Nurses. Dance of the Peasant and the Bear. Dance of the Gypsy Girls. Dance of the Coachmen and Grooms.
The Masqueraders. Conclusion Petrushka's Death. Part Two: The Sacrifice, Introduction. Track Listing - Disc 3. Part One, Scene 1. The Bride's Chamber. Part One, Scene 2. At the Bridegroom's. Part One, Scene 3. The Bride's Departure. Part Two, Scene 4. The Wedding Feast. The Soldier's March. Airs by a Stream. The Royal March.
The Little Concert. Three Dances Tango, Waltz , Ragtime. The Devil's Dance. The Great Chorale. Triumphal March of the Devil.
Track Listing - Disc 4. The Birth of Apollo. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. Stravinsky: Three Japanese Lyrics. Stravinsky: Canticum Sacrum.
Stravinsky: Threni. Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring. Columbia Symphony Orchestra Igor Stravinsky. Stravinsky: Petrushka version. Stravinsky: Serenade in A for piano. Charles Rosen piano. Stravinsky: Piano Sonata Schoenberg: Suite for Piano, Op. Stravinsky: Double Canon Raoul Dufy in memoriam. Gesualdo: Madrigals in 5-parts. Stravinsky: Tres sacrae cantiones after Gesualdo. Stravinsky: The Nightingale. Stravinsky: The Firebird. Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D.
Stravinsky: Sonata for Two Pianos. Stravinsky: Les Noces. Stravinsky: Renard. Stravinsky: Ragtime, for eleven instruments. Classical music portal. Categories : Compositions by Igor Stravinsky Lists of compositions by composer Lists of ballets by composer. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
Wikimedia Commons. Symphony in E-flat major , original version. Symphony in E-flat major , revised version. Pastorale , for soprano and piano original version. Pastorale , Arrangement for soprano, oboe, English horn, clarinet and bassoon. The company helped collect Stravinsky's mechanical royalties for his works and provided him with a monthly income.
In , he was given studio space at their Paris headquarters where he worked and entertained friends and acquaintances. Stravinsky met Vera de Bosset in Paris in February ,  while she was married to the painter and stage designer Serge Sudeikin , and they began an affair that led to Vera leaving her husband.
In May , Stravinsky and his family moved to Anglet , a town close to the Spanish border. Diaghilev then requested orchestrations for a revival production of Tchaikovsky's ballet The Sleeping Beauty. Despite some payments not being sent, Robert Craft believed that the patron was famed conductor Leopold Stokowski , whom Stravinsky had recently met, and theorised that the conductor wanted to win Stravinsky over to visit the US.
In September , Stravinsky bought a new home in Nice. Koussevitzky asked for Stravinsky to compose a new piece for one of his upcoming concerts; Stravinsky agreed to a piano concerto, to which Koussevitzky convinced him that he be the soloist at its premiere. The funding of its production was largely provided by Winnaretta Singer, Princesse Edmond de Polignac , who paid 12, francs for a private preview of the piece at her house.
Stravinsky gave the money to Diaghilev to help finance the public performances. The premiere received a reaction, [ clarification needed ] which irked Stravinsky, who had started to become annoyed at the public's fixation towards his early ballets. Stravinsky accepted and wrote Apollo , which premiered in From to , the Stravinskys lived in Voreppe , near Grenoble , southeastern France.
Katya, to whom he had been married for 33 years, died of tuberculosis three months later, in March During his later years in Paris, Stravinsky had developed professional relationships with key people in the United States: he was already working on his Symphony in C for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra  and he had agreed to deliver the prestigious Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard University during the —40 academic year.
The composer had decided that the warm Californian climate would benefit his health. Stravinsky had adapted to life in France, but moving to America at the age of 57 was a very different prospect. Auden , Christopher Isherwood , Dylan Thomas.
They shared the composer's taste for hard spirits — especially Aldous Huxley , with whom Stravinsky spoke in French. The law in question merely forbade using the national anthem "as dance music, as an exit march, or as a part of a medley of any kind",  but the incident soon established itself as a myth, in which Stravinsky was supposedly arrested, held in custody for several nights, and photographed for police records.
Stravinsky's professional life encompassed most of the 20th century, including many of its modern classical music styles, and he influenced composers both during and after his lifetime. Included among his students in the s was the American composer and music educator Robert Strassburg.
In the early s his students included Robert Craft and Warren Zevon. The Concerto in D premiered in It marked his first premiere in the US. American poet W. Auden and writer Chester Kallman worked on the libretto. The opera premiered in and marks the final work during Stravinsky's neoclassical period. Craft later became Stravinsky's personal assistant and close friend, and encouraged him to compose serial music. This began Stravinsky's third and final distinct musical period, the serial or twelve-tone period, which lasted until his death.
In January , during his tour's stop in Washington, D. Kennedy in honour of his eightieth birthday, where he received a special medal for "the recognition his music has achieved throughout the world". Kennedy in , Stravinsky completed his Elegy for J. The two-minute work took the composer two days to write. By early , the long periods of travel had started to affect Stravinsky's health.
His case of polycythemia had worsened and his friends had noticed that his movements and speech had slowed. The crew asked Soviet authorities for permission to film Stravinsky returning to his hometown of Ustilug, but the request was denied.
In February , Stravinsky and Craft directed their own concert in Miami, Florida, the composer's first in that state. However subsequently, upon doctor's orders, offers to perform that required him to fly were generally declined. He had become increasingly frail and for the only time in his career, Stravinsky conducted while sitting down.
It was his final performance as conductor in his lifetime. In his diary, Craft wrote that he spoon-fed the ailing composer and held his hand: "He says the warmth diminishes the pain. By , Stravinsky had recovered enough to resume touring across the US with him in the audience while Craft took to the conductor's post for the majority of the concerts.
In October , after close to three decades in California and being denied to travel overseas by his doctors due to ill health, Stravinsky and Vera secured a two-year lease for a luxury three bedroom apartment in Essex House in New York City. Craft moved in with them, effectively putting his career on hold to care for the ailing composer. On 18 March , Stravinsky was taken to Lenox Hill Hospital with pulmonary edema where he stayed for ten days. On 29 March, he moved into a newly furbished apartment at Fifth Avenue , his first city apartment since living in Paris in After a period of well being, the edema returned on 4 April and Vera insisted that medical equipment should be installed in the apartment.
The cause on his death certificate is heart failure. A funeral service was held three days later at Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel. Stravinsky's output is typically divided into three general style periods: a Russian period, a neoclassical period, and a serial period. The piece premiered 17 January in the Grand Hall of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory but was then lost until September , when it resurfaced in a back room of the city's Conservatoire. The rediscovery generated much enthusiasm and, as a result, over 25 performances are scheduled in and beyond.
Performances in St. Petersburg of Scherzo fantastique and Feu d'artifice attracted the attention of Serge Diaghilev , who commissioned Stravinsky to orchestrate two piano works of Chopin for the ballet Les Sylphides to be presented in the debut "Saison Russe" of his new ballet company. Like Stravinsky's earlier student works, The Firebird continued to look backward to Rimsky-Korsakov not only in its orchestration, but also in its overall structure, harmonic organization, and melodic content.
The music itself makes significant use of a number of Russian folk tunes in addition to two waltzes by Viennese composer Joseph Lanner and a French music hall tune La Jambe en bois or The Wooden Leg.
In April , Stravinsky received a commission from Winnaretta Singer Princesse Edmond de Polignac for a small-scale theatrical work to be performed in her Paris salon. The result was Renard , which he called "A burlesque in song and dance". In , he completed his last neoclassical work, the opera The Rake's Progress to a libretto by W. Auden and Chester Kallman based on the etchings of William Hogarth.
It premiered in Venice that year and was produced around Europe the following year before being staged in the New York Metropolitan Opera in In the s, Stravinsky began using serial compositional techniques such as dodecaphony , the twelve-tone technique originally devised by Arnold Schoenberg.
The first of his compositions fully based on such techniques was In Memoriam Dylan Thomas Agon —57 was the first of his works to include a twelve-tone series and Canticum Sacrum was the first piece to contain a movement entirely based on a tone row.
Stravinsky has been called "one of music's truly epochal innovators". Stravinsky's use of motivic development the use of musical figures that are repeated in different guises throughout a composition or section of a composition included additive motivic development.
This is a technique in which notes are removed from or added to a motif without regard to the consequent changes in metre. A similar technique can be found as early as the 16th century, for example in the music of Cipriano de Rore , Orlandus Lassus , Carlo Gesualdo and Giovanni de Macque , music with which Stravinsky exhibited considerable familiarity.
The Rite of Spring is notable for its relentless use of ostinati , for example in the eighth-note ostinato on strings accented by eight horns in the section "Augurs of Spring Dances of the Young Girls ". The work also contains passages where several ostinati clash against one another. Stravinsky was noted for his distinctive use of rhythm, especially in the Rite of Spring The rhythmic structure of music became much more fluid and in a certain way spontaneous.
Browne, "Stravinsky is perhaps the only composer who has raised rhythm in itself to the dignity of art. Over the course of his career, Stravinsky called for a wide variety of orchestral, instrumental, and vocal forces, ranging from single instruments in such works as Three Pieces for Clarinet or Elegy for Solo Viola to the enormous orchestra of The Rite of Spring , which Aaron Copland characterized as "the foremost orchestral achievement of the 20th century".
The three ballets composed for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes call for particularly large orchestras:. Stravinsky displayed a taste in literature that was wide and reflected his constant desire for new discoveries.
Auden , T. Eliot , and medieval English verse. He also had an inexhaustible desire to explore and learn about art, which manifested itself in several of his Paris collaborations. His interest in art propelled him to develop a strong relationship with Picasso, whom he met in , announcing that in "a whirlpool of artistic enthusiasm and excitement I at last met Picasso. This exchange was essential to establish how the artists would approach their collaborative space in Pulcinella.
The young Stravinsky was sympathetic to bourgeois liberalism and the aims of the Constitutional Democratic Party , even composing an anthem for the Russian Provisional Government , before shifting heavily towards the right following the October Revolution. I know many exalted personages, and my artist's mind does not shrink from political and social issues.Works Of Igor Stravinsky with Sessions, Roger, Copland, Aaron on CD. Order from your preferred classical music CD store - ArkivMusic. Great prices. Best service. Fast delivery.