Mavra, opera buffa in 1 act. The Shepherdess. The Faun. The Torrent. The white moon shines in the woods. L' oiseau de feu The Firebird , ballet in 2 scenes for orchestra. Introduction Igor Stravinsky. Kashchei's enchanted garden Igor Stravinsky.
Dance of the Firebird Igor Stravinsky. Ivan Tsarevich captures the Firebird Igor Stravinsky. The Firebird's entreaty Igor Stravinsky. The appearance of the thirteen enchanted princesses Igor Stravinsky. The princesses' game with apples of gold Igor Stravinsky. The sudden appearance of Ivan Tsarevich Igor Stravinsky. The Princesses' Round Igor Stravinsky. The sound of enchanted bells; monsters appear, Kashchei's guards, and take Ivan Tsarevitch Igor Stravinsky. The arrival of Kaschchei the Immortal Igor Stravinsky.
Kashchei's dialogue with Ivan Tsarevich Igor Stravinsky. The princesses intercede Igor Stravinsky. The appearance of the Firebird Igor Stravinsky.
Kashchei's followers dance under the Firebird's spell Igor Stravinsky. Infernal dance of Kaschei's subjects Igor Stravinsky. Lullaby The Firebird Igor Stravinsky. Kashchei awakens Igor Stravinsky. Death of Kaschei - profound darkness Igor Stravinsky. Kashchei's spells are broken; his palace disappears, the stone knight returns to life, joy Igor Stravinsky. Petrushka, ballet burlesque in 4 scenes for orchestra version. The Shrove-tide Fair Igor Stravinsky. The Crowds Igor Stravinsky.
The Charlatan's Booth Igor Stravinsky. Russian Dance Igor Stravinsky. Petrushka's Room Igor Stravinsky. The Moor's Room Igor Stravinsky. Dance of the Ballerina Igor Stravinsky. Waltz Ballerina and Moor Igor Stravinsky. The Shrove-tide Fair near evening Igor Stravinsky. Dance of the Wet Nurses Igor Stravinsky. Dance of the Peasant and the Bear Igor Stravinsky.
Dance of the Gypsy Girls Igor Stravinsky. Dance of the Coachmen and Grooms Igor Stravinsky. The Masqueraders Igor Stravinsky. Conclusion Petrushka's Death Igor Stravinsky. Le Sacre du printemps The Rite of Spring , ballet in 2 parts for orchestra.
The Bride's Chamber Igor Stravinsky. At the Bridegroom's Igor Stravinsky. The Bride's Departure Igor Stravinsky. The Wedding Feast Igor Stravinsky. L' histoire du soldat The Soldier's Tale , concert suite for 7 instruments. The Soldier's March Igor Stravinsky.
Airs by a Stream Igor Stravinsky. Pastorale Igor Stravinsky. The Royal March Igor Stravinsky. The Little Concert Igor Stravinsky. The Devil's Dance Igor Stravinsky. The Great Chorale Igor Stravinsky. Triumphal March of the Devil Igor Stravinsky. Largo - Allegro - Tempo 1 Igor Stravinsky. Allegro Igor Stravinsky. Allegretto Igor Stravinsky.
Lento Igor Stravinsky. Largo et tranquillo Igor Stravinsky. Pas de quatre Igor Stravinsky. Double Pas de quatre Igor Stravinsky. Triple Pas de quatre Igor Stravinsky. Saraband Step Igor Stravinsky. Gaillarde Igor Stravinsky. Coda Igor Stravinsky. Interlude Igor Stravinsky. Bransle simple Igor Stravinsky. Bransle gay Igor Stravinsky. Bransle double Igor Stravinsky. Pas de deux Igor Stravinsky. Four Duos Igor Stravinsky. Four trios Igor Stravinsky. Jeu de cartes Card Game , ballet in "three deals" for orchestra.
First Deal Igor Stravinsky. Second Deal Igor Stravinsky. Third Deal Igor Stravinsky. Pantomime Igor Stravinsky. Danses Corps de ballet Igor Stravinsky. Bluebird Pas-de-deux, transcription for chamber orchestra after Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty. Adagio Igor Stravinsky. Variation 1 Igor Stravinsky. Variation 2 Igor Stravinsky. Pas de deux Apollon et Terpsichore Adagio. Largo et tranquillo. Pas de quatre. Double Pas de quatre. Triple Pas de quatre.
First Pas de trois. Saraband Step. Second Pas de trois. Bransle simple. Bransle gay. Bransle double. Pas de deux. Four Duos. Four trios. First Deal. Second Deal. Third Deal. Track Listing - Disc 5. Danses Corps de ballet. Variation 1. Variation 2. At the Mill. Track Listing - Disc 6. Gavotte With Two Variations. Scene 1: Air de danse. Scene 1: Dance of the Angel of Death. Scene 1: Interlude. Scene 2: The Furies. Scene 2: Air de danse - Interlude - Air de danse. Scene 2: Pas d'action.
Scene 2: Pas de deux. Scene 2: Interlude. Track Listing - Disc 7. Dance of the Coachmen. Sinfonia Ouverture. Gavotta con due variazioni. Vivo Duetto. Prelude and Dance of the Firebird. Variations The Firebird. Pantomime 1. Pas de deux The Firebird and Ivan Tsarevitch. Pantomime 2. Dance of the Princesses. Pantomime 3. Rondo Corovod. Infernal Dance. Final Hymn. Track Listing - Disc 8. Allegro moderato. Allegro molto.
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky. Stravinsky in His Own Words. Spoken Word. Track Listing - Disc 9. Andante - Interlude: L'istesso tempo. Con moto. Moderato alla breve. Larghetto concertante. Largo - Tempo giusto, alla breve. Part 1. Part 2. Part 3. Track Listing - Disc Allegro - Maestoso. Andante rapsodico. Allegro capriccioso ma tempo giusto. Aria 1. Aria 2. Greeting Prelude, for orchestra.
Tempo giusto. Wedding Dance. Circus Polka, for orchestra "for a young elephant". Tempo di Marcia. Tempo di Tango. Concertino, for 12 instruments. Tema con variazioni. Ragtime, for 11 instruments. Tango, for chamber orchestra. Despite some payments not being sent, Robert Craft believed that the patron was famed conductor Leopold Stokowski , whom Stravinsky had recently met, and theorised that the conductor wanted to win Stravinsky over to visit the US.
In September , Stravinsky bought a new home in Nice. Koussevitzky asked for Stravinsky to compose a new piece for one of his upcoming concerts; Stravinsky agreed to a piano concerto, to which Koussevitzky convinced him that he be the soloist at its premiere.
The funding of its production was largely provided by Winnaretta Singer, Princesse Edmond de Polignac , who paid 12, francs for a private preview of the piece at her house. Stravinsky gave the money to Diaghilev to help finance the public performances. The premiere received a reaction, [ clarification needed ] which irked Stravinsky, who had started to become annoyed at the public's fixation towards his early ballets.
Stravinsky accepted and wrote Apollo , which premiered in From to , the Stravinskys lived in Voreppe , near Grenoble , southeastern France. Katya, to whom he had been married for 33 years, died of tuberculosis three months later, in March During his later years in Paris, Stravinsky had developed professional relationships with key people in the United States: he was already working on his Symphony in C for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra  and he had agreed to deliver the prestigious Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard University during the —40 academic year.
The composer had decided that the warm Californian climate would benefit his health. Stravinsky had adapted to life in France, but moving to America at the age of 57 was a very different prospect. Auden , Christopher Isherwood , Dylan Thomas. They shared the composer's taste for hard spirits — especially Aldous Huxley , with whom Stravinsky spoke in French. The law in question merely forbade using the national anthem "as dance music, as an exit march, or as a part of a medley of any kind",  but the incident soon established itself as a myth, in which Stravinsky was supposedly arrested, held in custody for several nights, and photographed for police records.
Stravinsky's professional life encompassed most of the 20th century, including many of its modern classical music styles, and he influenced composers both during and after his lifetime. Included among his students in the s was the American composer and music educator Robert Strassburg. In the early s his students included Robert Craft and Warren Zevon. The Concerto in D premiered in It marked his first premiere in the US. American poet W. Auden and writer Chester Kallman worked on the libretto.
The opera premiered in and marks the final work during Stravinsky's neoclassical period. Craft later became Stravinsky's personal assistant and close friend, and encouraged him to compose serial music. This began Stravinsky's third and final distinct musical period, the serial or twelve-tone period, which lasted until his death. In January , during his tour's stop in Washington, D.
Kennedy in honour of his eightieth birthday, where he received a special medal for "the recognition his music has achieved throughout the world". Kennedy in , Stravinsky completed his Elegy for J. The two-minute work took the composer two days to write.
By early , the long periods of travel had started to affect Stravinsky's health. His case of polycythemia had worsened and his friends had noticed that his movements and speech had slowed. The crew asked Soviet authorities for permission to film Stravinsky returning to his hometown of Ustilug, but the request was denied.
In February , Stravinsky and Craft directed their own concert in Miami, Florida, the composer's first in that state. However subsequently, upon doctor's orders, offers to perform that required him to fly were generally declined.
He had become increasingly frail and for the only time in his career, Stravinsky conducted while sitting down. It was his final performance as conductor in his lifetime. In his diary, Craft wrote that he spoon-fed the ailing composer and held his hand: "He says the warmth diminishes the pain. By , Stravinsky had recovered enough to resume touring across the US with him in the audience while Craft took to the conductor's post for the majority of the concerts.
In October , after close to three decades in California and being denied to travel overseas by his doctors due to ill health, Stravinsky and Vera secured a two-year lease for a luxury three bedroom apartment in Essex House in New York City. Craft moved in with them, effectively putting his career on hold to care for the ailing composer. On 18 March , Stravinsky was taken to Lenox Hill Hospital with pulmonary edema where he stayed for ten days.
On 29 March, he moved into a newly furbished apartment at Fifth Avenue , his first city apartment since living in Paris in After a period of well being, the edema returned on 4 April and Vera insisted that medical equipment should be installed in the apartment.
The cause on his death certificate is heart failure. A funeral service was held three days later at Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel. Stravinsky's output is typically divided into three general style periods: a Russian period, a neoclassical period, and a serial period.
The piece premiered 17 January in the Grand Hall of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory but was then lost until September , when it resurfaced in a back room of the city's Conservatoire. The rediscovery generated much enthusiasm and, as a result, over 25 performances are scheduled in and beyond.
Performances in St. Petersburg of Scherzo fantastique and Feu d'artifice attracted the attention of Serge Diaghilev , who commissioned Stravinsky to orchestrate two piano works of Chopin for the ballet Les Sylphides to be presented in the debut "Saison Russe" of his new ballet company.
Like Stravinsky's earlier student works, The Firebird continued to look backward to Rimsky-Korsakov not only in its orchestration, but also in its overall structure, harmonic organization, and melodic content. The music itself makes significant use of a number of Russian folk tunes in addition to two waltzes by Viennese composer Joseph Lanner and a French music hall tune La Jambe en bois or The Wooden Leg. In April , Stravinsky received a commission from Winnaretta Singer Princesse Edmond de Polignac for a small-scale theatrical work to be performed in her Paris salon.
The result was Renard , which he called "A burlesque in song and dance". In , he completed his last neoclassical work, the opera The Rake's Progress to a libretto by W. Auden and Chester Kallman based on the etchings of William Hogarth. It premiered in Venice that year and was produced around Europe the following year before being staged in the New York Metropolitan Opera in In the s, Stravinsky began using serial compositional techniques such as dodecaphony , the twelve-tone technique originally devised by Arnold Schoenberg.
The first of his compositions fully based on such techniques was In Memoriam Dylan Thomas Agon —57 was the first of his works to include a twelve-tone series and Canticum Sacrum was the first piece to contain a movement entirely based on a tone row. Stravinsky has been called "one of music's truly epochal innovators".
Stravinsky's use of motivic development the use of musical figures that are repeated in different guises throughout a composition or section of a composition included additive motivic development. This is a technique in which notes are removed from or added to a motif without regard to the consequent changes in metre. A similar technique can be found as early as the 16th century, for example in the music of Cipriano de Rore , Orlandus Lassus , Carlo Gesualdo and Giovanni de Macque , music with which Stravinsky exhibited considerable familiarity.
The Rite of Spring is notable for its relentless use of ostinati , for example in the eighth-note ostinato on strings accented by eight horns in the section "Augurs of Spring Dances of the Young Girls ". The work also contains passages where several ostinati clash against one another. Stravinsky was noted for his distinctive use of rhythm, especially in the Rite of Spring The rhythmic structure of music became much more fluid and in a certain way spontaneous.
Browne, "Stravinsky is perhaps the only composer who has raised rhythm in itself to the dignity of art. Over the course of his career, Stravinsky called for a wide variety of orchestral, instrumental, and vocal forces, ranging from single instruments in such works as Three Pieces for Clarinet or Elegy for Solo Viola to the enormous orchestra of The Rite of Spring , which Aaron Copland characterized as "the foremost orchestral achievement of the 20th century".
The three ballets composed for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes call for particularly large orchestras:. Stravinsky displayed a taste in literature that was wide and reflected his constant desire for new discoveries.
Auden , T. Eliot , and medieval English verse. He also had an inexhaustible desire to explore and learn about art, which manifested itself in several of his Paris collaborations.
His interest in art propelled him to develop a strong relationship with Picasso, whom he met in , announcing that in "a whirlpool of artistic enthusiasm and excitement I at last met Picasso. This exchange was essential to establish how the artists would approach their collaborative space in Pulcinella. The young Stravinsky was sympathetic to bourgeois liberalism and the aims of the Constitutional Democratic Party , even composing an anthem for the Russian Provisional Government , before shifting heavily towards the right following the October Revolution.
I know many exalted personages, and my artist's mind does not shrink from political and social issues. Well, after having seen so many events and so many more or less representative men, I have an overpowering urge to render homage to your Duce. He is the saviour of Italy and — let us hope — Europe. I told him that I felt like a fascist myself In spite of being extremely busy, Mussolini did me the great honour of conversing with me for three-quarters of an hour.
We talked about music, art and politics". Igor Stravinsky Biography. Stravinsky: the man. Top Stravinsky pieces. Buy CD. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon.
It also analyses reviews to verify trustworthiness. Top reviews Most recent Top reviews. Top reviews from United Kingdom. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Recorded mostly in the s and s, all of the works were overseen by Stravinsky himself, and feature some top musicians of the day, such as violinist Isaac Stern and clarinettist Benny Goodman.
There are good casts in the operas too, the singers including mezzo-soprano Shirley Verrett, tenors Loren Driscoll and Alexander Young, while soprano Evelyn Lear and Cathy Berberian perform on the disc of songs. So my Stravinsky collection looks rather different these days - in performances I can definitely recommend - should anyone be interested!
One person found this helpful. Igor Stravinsky, who have been recognized as one of two or three greatest composers in 20th century, conducted most his works compiled in this big 22 CDs box set except a few works, which were conducted by his pupil Craft under his supervision. The authority is absolutely without doubt.Sony Classical is proud to announce the release of Igor Stravinsky: The Complete Columbia Album Collection, an unprecedented reissue of the complete recordings of legendary composer/conductor Igor Stravinsky’s works for the CBS/American and Columbia labels bringing together, for the very first time on CD, all of the mono “Stravinsky conducts Stravinsky” recordings issued in the s and .